|ISO 200 , F5.6 , 30 secs , 53mm focal length – White Balance set to daylight|
- Artificial light pollution from towns and cities.
- Colour temperature
- Incorrect white balance setting
All light has a colour temperature, measured in kelvin (K), which is why some light seems warmer and some colder. Typically, colour temperatures above 5000k look cooler (more blue), whereas temperatures below 5000K look warmer (more red).
Tungsten light, which is the kind of light source used in street and home lighting, is low in temperature (approx. 2700k). Although our eyes can automatically adjust to remove the redness from the low temperature, the camera cannot. So when shot under normal settings your camera records the red of the light pollution.
Film or digital sensors have to be balanced to match the colour temperature of the light source, in order to produce natural looking whites. Film is typically balanced for daylight (5000k) Film users photographing indoors had to buy special tungsten balanced film.
But digital users can now balance the temperature image by image by adjusting the “white balance” settings.
The image above was shot on the daylight setting, which is why there is too much red.
Here, the image was shot with the white balance set to “Tungsten” Now the redness has been reduced and the scene looks more natural.
On moonlit nights however, you not only have the colour temperature of the artificial light to contend with, but the light temperature of the moonlight.
Therefore, the best setting for moonlit nights is the “fluorescent” setting.
Creative use of White Balance using your RAW converter
|It’s always best to shoot in RAW, one of the many advantages of which is the ability to set or adjust the white balance during post processing. Not only does it give you more control and a finer adjustment than can be done in camera, but you can also use it for creative effect. Okay, so I hear all the purists crying (“it’s cheating, you are using a computer!”) But firstly, your digital camera is a computer, but most importantly, white balance is a software adjustment, whether it be in camera or during post processing).
The image below was originally shot on the daylight setting, and then changed to “shade”, which is 7500k. This has enhanced the red in the leaves (perfect for autumnal shots). However, be selective with this technique, as it only suits scenes which are predominantly red or brown, such as autumnal scenes.
|Use White Balance to bring out an otherwise dull sunset|
Shot on the daylight setting 5500k
Changed to “shade” 7500K
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